Vasya is the beginning mathematician. He decided to make an important contribution to the science and to become famous all over the world. But how can he do that if the most interesting facts such as Pythagor’s theorem are already proved? Correct! He is to think out something his own, original. So he thought out the Theory of Vasya’s Functions. Vasya’s Functions (VF) are rather simple: the value of the Nth VF in the point S is an amount of integers from 1 to N that have the sum of digits S. You seem to be great programmers, so Vasya gave you a task to find the milliard VF value (i.e. the VF with N = 109) because Vasya himself won’t cope with the task. Can you solve the problem?
The milliard VF value in the point S.
Problem Author: Denis Musin
Problem Source: USU Junior Championship March'2005