The president of the Ural State University is going to make an 80'th Anniversary party. The university has a hierarchical structure of employees; that is, the supervisor relation forms a tree rooted at the president. In order to make the party fun for all attendees, the president does not want both an employee and his or her immediate supervisor to attend.
The personnel office has ranked each employee with a conviviality rating. Your task is to make up a guest list with the maximal conviviality rating of the guests.
The first line contains an integer N that is a number of employees (1 ≤ N ≤ 6000).
Employees are numbered by integers in a range from 1 to N,
Each of the subsequent N lines contains the conviviality rating of the corresponding employee.
Conviviality rating is an integer in a range from −128 to 127. After that the supervisor relation tree goes.
Each line of the tree specification has the form
which means that the K-th employee is an immediate supervisor of L-th employee. Input is ended with the line
Output the maximal total conviviality rating of the guests.
Problem Author: Marat Bakirov
Problem Source: Ural State University Internal Contest October'2000 Students Session